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The “Final Solution” - Jewish Life on the Brink of Death

Yad Vashem Yad Vashem

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Published 6 years ago

This Educator Video Toolbox is aligned to Echoes and Reflections http://echoesandreflections.org/, a comprehensive Holocaust education program that delivers professional development and a rich array of multimedia resources for middle and high school teachers. This video complements Lesson 5: The “Final Solution” http://echoesandreflections.org/the-l.... It addresses key historical context, supports your teaching, and provides a methodological and pedagogical framework to help you teach this subject effectively. Professional development programs for middle and high school educators are taking place around the country; you can find one near you here http://echoesandreflections.org/sign-....

This video addresses the complexities of teaching about the Final Solution. Some six million Jews were murdered in the systematic mass murder of the Jews of Europe that was defined by the Germans as the "Final Solution" of what they termed the "Jewish Question." The video focuses on the stories of individual Jewish victims, allowing us to address the Final Solution through a human lens rather than through dry statistics, and to present a multidisciplinary approach to this difficult subject of the struggle for life in the shadow of death during one of humanity's darkest chapters.
 Part 1: Introduction
 Part 2: Arrival at the Camp
 Part 3: Life in the Shadow of Death

SPEAKERS
Dr. Robert Rozett is Director of the Yad Vashem Libraries, as well as an author, researcher and senior editor on Holocaust-related subjects.
Shani Lourie is a staff member at the International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem.
Shlomit Steiner is a staff member at the International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem.
For additional information about Echoes and Reflections visit http://echoesandreflections.org/

Archival footage and photographs:
- Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority:
Yad Vashem Archives
The Yad Vashem Visual Center
Yad Vashem Art Museum Collection
Yad Vashem Museum Collecion.
Internet Department, Commemoration and Public Relations Division, Yad Vashem
Gathering the Fragments - A National Campaign to Rescue Personal Items from the Holocaust Period
- Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
- Agentur Karl Höffkes
- Bundesfilmarchiv/Transit Film GmbH.
- Shlomo Breznitz - private collection.
- Amichai.Braverman -private collection.
- The testimony of holocaust survivor Ellis Lewin is taken from USC Shoa Foundation - The Institute for Visual History and Education. For more information, http://sfi.usc.edu/

ArtWorks:
Zinovii Tolkatchev (1903-1977)
Silence, Auschwitz Concentration Camp, 1945
Pencil on paper
29.3x21 cm
Collection of the Yad Vashem Art Museum, Jerusalem
Gift of Anel Tolkacheva and Ilya Tolkachev, Kiev
Zinovii Tolkatchev (1903-1977)
Appell, Majdanek concentration camp, 1944
Gouache, charcoal and crayon on paper
63.9x43.8 cm
Collection of the Yad Vashem Art Museum, Jerusalem
Gift of Sigmund A. Rolat of New York in loving memory of his parents Henryk and
Mania, who perished in the Holocaust
Zinovii Tolkatchev (1903-1977)
Winter, Majdanek concentration camp, 1944
Charcoal and crayon on paper
62.1x47.8 cm
Collection of the Yad Vashem Art Museum, Jerusalem
Gift of Sigmund A. Rolat of New York in loving memory of his parents Henryk and
Mania who perished in the Holocaust.
Zinovii Tolkatchev (1903-1977)
Prisoners' Bunks , Auschwitz Concentration Camp, 1945
Pencil on paper
29.7x20.6 cm
Collection of the Yad Vashem Art Museum, Jerusalem
Gift of Anel Tolkacheva and Ilya Tolkachev, Kiev
Material and quotes from:
Roman Frister ,The Cap or The price of Life, Weidenfeld and Nicolson,1999 pp. 324-325
Tzila Lieberman, Tzelinka,Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, p. 78.[Hebrew]

Every effort has been made to locate the copyright holders to obtain the appropriate permissions and apply the correct attributions. If you have any information that would help us in relation to copyright, please contact us at [email protected]
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